Massage is defined as any activities that involves acting and working on the various parts of the body by adding pressure, which can either be stationary, moving, structured or unstructured; and also by adding vibration, tension or motion. Massage can be done or provided to a person in a manual manner, such as with the use of the hands, forearm, feet, fingers, elbows and knees, or through the use of a mechanical aids, such as massage devices, tools or equipment that is designed specifically to a specific type of massage. The different types and methods of massage include the ashiatsu, acupressure, active release technique, aquatic bodywork, watsu, tui na, trigger point therapy, tradition Chinese massage or TCM, thai massage, Swedish massage, structural integration, shiatsu, myofascial release, medical massage, lymphatic drainage, lomilomi and indigenous massage of Oceania, foot massage, craniosacral therapy, ayurvedic massage, and biodynamic massage. Some of the most common supplies, facilities, and equipment used and typically designed for massages are massage tables, cremes, gels, oils, lotions, vichy showers, warm-water therapy pools, dry-water massage tables; massage tools, like the body rock, bamboo and rosewood tools, and needles; and massage chairs. An individual can obtain various health benefits and good effects on their body from massage therapies, and that include reduce heart rate, reduce and lower blood pressure, reduce subclinical depression, pain relief, and reduce state and trait anxiety.
An individual who specializes in practicing and providing different methods and types of therapeutic massage can be called as physical therapists, practitioners of TCM or traditional Chinese medicine, massage therapists, and athletic trainers. Some other terms used by the people that refers to massage therapists, are registered massage therapists, medical massage therapists, licensed massage therapist, and bodywork therapist, and they may specialize in different modalities and techniques. In order to become a massage therapist, an individual should undertake a massage therapy training program, earn a certificate of CPR and first aid, pass a specified number of work hours, passing a written tests, background check, disease screening, and a degree from an accredited school. The duties, responsibilities and services offered by a massage therapist include promoting their practice, maintaining their office, recording the notes and information about their client, giving massages, and making or setting up an appointment with their clients. Most of the massage therapists can be found working in day spas, while some are working in massage centers or massage spas, and the people who wants to find and locate the best massage therapist in their local area can do so, through the use of the internet, or through the word of mouth and recommendations of families and colleagues.